Proper access must be prived to access the work platform of the scaffold.
Ladders that are a part of the scaffolding system, such as hook-on and attachable ladders, shall be positioned so that the bottom rung is not more than 24 inches above the supporting level.
Portable extension ladders used to access the work platform must meet OSHA design and use criteria, Which includes securing the ladder to the scaffold at the top and bottom and having the ladder extend at least three feet past the landing surface. Ladders must also be positioned so as not to tip the scaffold.
Stair-towers must have hand and mid-rails on each side of the stairway. Stairs must be at least 18 inches wide and have a landing platform at least 18 inches long at each level. Stair treads must be of slip-resistant design. The riser height must be uniform, and the stair angle must be between 40 and 60 degrees from the horizontal.
Cross braces can NEVER be used as a method of access
Opening for access points must be protected from fall hazards.
A competent person shall inspect the scaffold, scaffold components, and ropes on suspended scaffolds before each work shift and after any occurrence which could affect the structural integrity and authorize prompt corrective action.
Scaffold frames (I.e. Bucks) must be joined together vertically by coupling or stacking pins (or equivalent means).
Either the manufacturer's recommendation or the following placements shall be used for guys, ties, and braces: install guys, ties, and braces at the closest horizontal member to the 4:1 height and repeat vertically with the top restraint no further than the 4:1 height from the top:
Scaffolding must be erected, altered, moved, and dismantled in accordance with applicable OSHA standards and under the direct supervision of a scaffold competent person.
Scaffolding components cannot be mixed if they are from different manufactures unless they fit together without force. Unless the competent person has approved, scaffold components cannot be used if:
Each employee who performs work on a scaffold shall be trained by a person qualified to recognize the hazards associated with the type of scaffold used and to understand the procedures to control or minimize those hazards. The training shall include such topics as the nature od any electrical hazards, fall hazards, falling object hazards, the maintenance and disassembly of the fall protection systems, the use of the scaffold, handling of materials, the capacity and the maximum intended load.
Supported scaffold poles, legs, posts, frames, and uprights shall bear on base plates and mud sills (or other adequate firm foundation). The size of the mud sill shall be based on the type of soil the scaffold will be erected upon.
Base plates MUST be nailed to the mud sills on at least 2 opposite corners to prevent slippage.
Unstable objects, such as bricks, cinder blocks, buckets, scrap lumber, etc., shall not be used to support or level scaffolds.
Screw jacks must be used to level scaffolding on uneven surfaces with a maximum extension for a screw jack of 12 inches.
Supported scaffold poles, legs, posts, frames, and uprights shall be plumb (i.e perfectly vertical) and braced to prevent swaying and displacement.
Cross-bracing is required on both front and back sides of each scaffold buck or frame.
To check a scaffold for being plumb, use a level on two opposite uprights.
To make sure the scaffold is level, use a level on a horizontal support or bearer.
To ensure the scaffold is "square", use a tape measure and measure the distance between opposite corners. the two measures should be equal.
SAFETY REMINDER - ALL EMPLOYEES WORKING ON SCAFFOLDS MUST HAVE SCAFFOLD USER TRAINING!
Where is the nearest fire extinguisher right now?
Where is the closest portable fire extinguisher at your normal work area?
It is very important that we each are aware of portable fire extinguisher locations without having to look too hard for too long because in a panic of the moment if a fire was to suddenly occur, seconds count.
More importantly, when is the last time you actually looked at the portable fire extinguisher in your work area? Have you ever?
Recently at a facility an employee was killed when he used a portable fire extinguisher to put out a small fire. Corrosion on the bottom of the fire extinguisher was serious enough that the extinguisher case ruptured when it was activated, and parts struck the employee in the chest. A similar accident occurred in 1988.
This fire extinguisher had a rubber boot or cap to protect the bottom of the cylinder case. Moisture has seeped in between the rubber and outside cylinder wall and cause the cylinder to corrode inside the boot. Over time, this corrosion weakened the cylinder and it ruptured when the internal CO2 cylinder was activated. Other extinguishers of this type have been found to have the same type of corrosion underneath the rubber boot.
In-depth inspection and testing of these devices is critical. Especially if your fire extinguishers have rubber or plastic boots or caps and are located in potentially corrosive environments such as:
Extinguishers stored outside, unprotected from the weather
extinguishers stored in wet or damp environments
extinguishers stored neat marine facilities or other water front building, especially those located near salt water
Many contactors have a service come in to inspect their fire extinguishers, either monthly or some other periodic schedule. However, what about the one in your work area? Are you sure that it has been looked at recently? Are you sure it wasn't missed during the last formal inspection?
Take a moment today and take a look at any fire extinguishers in your area. Let us now if you see signs that it is damaged or uncharged so it can be taken out of service and a replacement installed .
SAFETY REMINDER - FIRE EXTINGUISHERS SHOULD BE INSPECTED AT LEAST ONCE PER MONTH AND DOCUMENTED BY THE PERSON INSPECTING THE EXTINGHUISHER.